The ‘Schoolgirl’ name dates back to the April 1891 New York Coin & Stamp’s (D. Proskey and H.P. Smith) F. W. Doughty sale where a silver specimen and the unique white metal piece were offered. Proskey is credited with the name in the October 1911 edition of the Numismatist per Bowers & Merena’s Rare Coin Review #110. The earliest known sale of this pattern was a silver specimen sold by Woodward privately in 1883 to T. Harrison Garrett. The first auction occurrence was in Woodward’s 101st Vicksburg II sale of September 1888. It was plated in that catalog where it states that only the sale coin and the specimen in the Mint collection were known. (Note: Ed Frossard did the cataloging for that sale and may not have been aware of Woodward’s earlier sale of a specimen to T. Harrison Garrett.) The Vicksburg example was bought in by Woodward and went into his 104th Stetson sale of January 1889. An example, probably the Vicksburg-Stetson specimen was sold in Frossard’s June 1890 edition of Numisma. The first occurrence in copper was the example plated in the April 1892 New York Coin & Stamp Woodside sale. This coin was later sold by Woodside to Virgil Brand on 3/30/1895. It is likely that most known today in silver and copper trace their pedigree to the Woodin collection and were obtained in trade for ‘returning’ the two $50 gold patterns to the mint collection. One was sold in the February 1911 auction by Edgar Adams of some of Woodin’s duplicates and examples were known to have been owned by most of the people he parceled these patterns to such as Granberg, Newcomer, Brand, and W.W.C. Wilson.
2) Chase Manhattan Bank, Smithsonian
3) Fecht, ANS
4) Woodward privately in 1883, Garrett-JHU, Garrett II at $105,000, I&R Goldberg 2/03 at $97,750 as NGC65, Simpson collection - PCGS65
5) Dibello-Stacks 5/70, Bass-HWBRF - proof 64+ - dipped ?
6) Scott-B/R 5/75, Fairfield-B/R 10/77, Rothchild-Stacks 10/03 at $48,300, ANR 10/05 at $46,000 - proof, polished
7) Sieck-81 ANA at $28,000, Sieck, Queller at $41,000, Heritage 1/09 at $115,000 - NGC65
8) Turoff-B/M 3/94 as PCGS62 at $35,200, D. Novoselsky, Kagins, Teletrade 4/10/99, Teletrade 2/9/00 as NGC63 - cleaned, later retoned to Superior 1/03 at $37,950, Superior 7/03 at $34,500 as PCGS63 - identifiable by a nick below the "F" on "OF" on the reverse
9) Judd, Turoff duplicate, Virginia collection, Heritage 1/18 FUN - PCGS66
10) Fred-B/M 11/95, Lustig / Marin at $39,600, Superior 6/99 at $41,400 as PCGS63, Kagins, Teletrade 8/2/99, Teletrade 8/25/99 as NGC64, Bowers and Merena 11/2001 at $48,875, Bowers and Merena 7/02 at $43,700, southern collection, Simpson collection - dipped - illustrated above
11) Doughty 4/1891 ?, H.P. Smith, J.S. Jenks, Clapp, Eliasberg-B/M 5/96 at $70,400 - NGC65
12) Private collection since 1973, Heritage 11/03 at $63,250 - PCGS64 gold and blue toned
13) Superior 9/97 at $35,200, ANR 11/04 - PCGS62 - has a raised dot in the hair behind the eye.
14) Goldberg 2/06 at $109,250 - PCGS65 toning pattern doesn't match any of the above pieces, possibly one of above retoned ?
15) Kentucky collection - NGC65, with blue & pink toning, plated on the NGC Explorer website as of June 2016
See also: Anderson/Dupont-Stacks 11/54 #12?; Farouk, Bolender 3/55; Empire Topics #5; Ewalt; Kreisberg 6/65 and Merkin 9/67.
The Jenks, Clapp pedigree on #11 comes from what is believed to be B.G. Johnson’s named Jenks sale sold by George Kolbe.
1) Burke-B/M 5/94 at $49,500, Alhambra/Hanks as PCGS66RED, Genaitis-2001 ANA at $57,500 now NGC68RED, Kagins, R. Kay, ANR 1/04 (not sold), Simpson collection - PCGS67RED
2) Alhambra/Hanks at 97 ANA offered for $75,000 - NGC66RED 696230-002, Higman-Alterman, Alhambra at 2002 ANA, Heritage 1/07 at $74,750, Virginia collection - PCGS66RED - illustrated above
3) Empire Coin Co, unknown intermediates, Lustig, Superior 10/89 at $44,000 as proof 66
4) Dibello-Stacks 5/70?, Bass-HWBRF, B/M 5/99 at $32,200, B/M 7/02 at $39,100, southern collection as PCGS64RB, Simpson collection - PCGS65RB
5) Lohr, Davidson-B/R 11/76, Nerca 3/77, B/R 10/77 choice proof
6) Higgy, Taylor-NN61st, Stacks 3/99 at $17,250, NE Numismatics 4/99 Coin World Ad – PCGS67BN
7) Hughes 7/80 – choice proof
8) Heritage 4/97 FPL at ~$37,000, 8/97 FPL at ~$42,000, Heritage 9/97 at $18,375?, Heritage 9/97-2/98 FPL - PCGS64RED
9) B/M 8/96 at $35,200 as PCGS64RB, B/M 11/01 as NGC66RB at $32,200, Heritage 1/07 at $57,500 - same as #5?
10) Superior 2/82 MBS - proof 60 same as #7?
11) Heritage 9/06 - NGC66RB - possibly one of above.
12) Queller-Heritage 1/09 at $37,375 - NGC63BN, Pollock plate, possibly one of above.
13) Heritage 4/09 - NGC63RED - possibly one of above.
1) Doughty 4/1891, Hull (Scott Stamp & Coin 11/1895), Brand (journal #15133), Boyd ?, Farouk, Bolender 3/55, Bolender 9/56, Ruby, Gilhousen-Superior 10/73, Crouch-Superior 6/77
Note: This has been described at various times as being struck in either white metal or lead. In the Gilhousen sale it was described as weakly struck and flaking due to exposure to cold. The pedigree in the Gilhousen sale is incorrect. Brand purchased the coin from Scott's in January 1896. Woodin never owned this coin.